Arabica Coffee - Coffea arabica

Arabica Coffee or Coffea arabica, is the first type of coffee to to be cultivated. This type of coffee is also the most widely produced coffee in the world. Approximately two thirds of world coffee production is Arabica Coffee. Arabica coffee is well planted, at an altitude of 1000 - 2100 meters above sea level. At this altitude the air temperature ranges between 16-20 °C.
Arabica vs Robusta altitude

Produced coffee taste getting better with higher planting sites. Therefore, the coffee plantations are usually only found in areas with a certain height.
Arabica coffee beans has some characteristics are as follows:
  • Forms of arabica coffee beans is longer than robusta coffee beans
  • Field convex from coffee beans are not too much
  • More luminous compared with other types of coffee beans
  • Center cut on the flat part of the coffee bean is curved, not straight elongated

arabica vs robusta production
Arabica coffee has several kinds of varieties. These coffee varieties are known to have good quality, such as Typica and Bourbon varieties. Even so, both varieties are vulnerable to pests and diseases. But this time has developed a variety of arabica coffee varieties that are resistant to disease, for example Catimor, Sarchimor, Icatu, Columbia etc.

Caffeine content of arabica coffee is relatively lower than other types of Robusta Coffee (types of coffee with the world's second-largest production). The caffeine content of Arabica Coffee is no more than 1.5 percent.